The Experience of Warfare in
The main focus of this topic is on the impact of war on social and political developments in Britain during this period. Students will be expected to understand how war influenced public attitudes, the development of medicine and social and political change. The impact of the three wars in which Britain was involved during this period will be studied: the Crimean War, the Boer War and the First World War. Students will not be expected to know about the causes or course of the wars but they will be expected to understand how specific events, battles or issues impacted on social and political developments in Britain.
It should be appreciated that the content topics should not be taken as discrete entities. There are many ways in which they impact upon each other and mesh together. Thus, for example, the glorification of Empire (topic 1) has a direct link to the questioning of Britain’s imperial role (topic 2). The treatment of the First World War deserters, soldiers with shell shock and conscientious objectors, along with mass conscription, (topic 3) has a direct impact upon changing attitudes to the war (topic 4). Throughout, an understanding of the impact of war as a generator of change within Britain drives the study.
Topic 1: The impact of the Crimean War: significance of newspaper reporting; medical and nursing developments; pressure for army reforms.
The topic requires students to understand how the Crimean War impacted on the British public and on social and political developments in
Topic 2: The impact of the Second Boer War: propaganda; support for, and questioning of, Britain’s imperial role; national efficiency campaigns; impact on social reform.
The second topic requires students to understand the impact of the Second Boer War on the British public and on social and political developments in
Topic 3: The experience of war on the Western Front: outline of Britain’s involvement; medical and surgical developments; creation, recruitment and retention of a mass army; morale and discipline of troops; effectiveness of strategy and tactics.
The third topic requires students to know about the experience of war on the western front for British soldiers and the impact this had on mainland
Topic 4: The impact of the First World War on the home front; changing attitudes to the conflict; work and working practices; propaganda; organisation of the state for total war.
The fourth topic requires students to understand how the experience of the First World War impacted on the Home Front. They should understand how and why public and personal attitudes to war changed between 1914 and 1918. They should know about the ways in which the State was organised for total war, in particular the significance of the Defence of the Realm Act (DORA). Students should consider the nature of propaganda and the ways in which men and women were mobilised to contribute to the war effort. Students should understand the impact of total war on the British economy and in particular how this affected work and working practices.
Information taken from the Exedcel Specification September 2007 Booklet